Indian constitution

Thus, it would be more appropriate to describe the Constitution of India as quasi- federal or unitary rather than a federal Constitution in the true nature of the term. In the present context this doctrine raises the classic debate of powers of State v.

Thus property may be needed and acquired under this power for government office, libraries, slum clearance projects, public schools, parks, hospitals, highways, telephone lines, collegesuniversities, dams, drainages etc.

Article 21 of the Constitution and Right to privacy. Land reforms, zamindari abolition laws, disputes relating to compensation, several rounds of constitutional amendments, litigations and adjudications ultimately culminated first in the insertion of the word socialist in the Preamble by the 42nd Amendment in and later in the omission of the Right to Property as a FR and its reincarnation as a bare constitutional right in Article A by the 44th Amendment in Powers of the Council.

Even regarding the Concurrent list, Parliament enjoys an overriding authority over the State Legislatures. When commencing litigation a court's jurisdiction may be challenged on the basis that it does not have jurisdiction.

The Council may from time to time by ordinance change the foregoing number of representation according to the growth and movement of the population. The Supreme Court or a high court may declare the amendment null and void if this is violated, after a judicial review.

State of Punjab decision, the Supreme Court ruled that the state of Punjab could not restrict any fundamental rights protected by the basic structure doctrine.

There are two Constitutions- 9. The Constituent Assembly which had been elected for undivided India and held its first sitting on 9th Dec. Basically this doctrine entitles sovereign to acquire private land for a public use, provided the public-ness of the usage can be demonstrated beyond doubt.

Section 94 leaves open a possible change to laws regarding property and civil rightswhich so far has not been realized. The critics of the Indian Federal system must not ignore the fact that not only the Federal Government in India has been made deliberately strong, there is also a centralizing tendency in the other federal states of the world such as Switzerland, Australia, Canada and the United States.

As opposed to this is the opinion of some scholars who regard the Indian Constitution to be unitary in nature. The Indian Federalism is unique in nature and is tailored according to the specific needs of the country.

Indian democracy wedded to rule of law aims not only to protect fundamental rights. The Indian Union is an indestructible Union of destructible States. The maximum number of senators was set at 78, in Section List of amendments of the Constitution of India Amendments Amendments are additions, variations or repeal of any part of the constitution by Parliament.

Further, in the three-fold distribution of powers, the most important subjects have been included in the Union list, which is the longest of the three lists containing 97 items.

Federalism with a strong Centre was inevitable as the framers of the Indian Constitution were aware that there were economic disparities as several areas of India were economically as well as industrially far behind in comparison to others. This enclosed area containsacres more or less.

The member of Defence services or civil services of the union or All-India services hold their office during the pleasure of president.

Indian Constitution in danger, writes Goa’s Archbishop

That is if the courts make it mandatory to bring 31 2 in conformity with 31 1. When termination of service will amount to punishment of dismissal or removal.

Canadian property law and Human rights in Canada Section 92 13 gives the provinces the exclusive power to make law related to " property and civil rights in the province". Throughout the Constitution, emphasis is laid on the fact that India is a single united nation.

Article B declared that none of the acts or regulations specified in neither the Ninth Schedule nor any of the provisions thereof shall be deemed to be void on the ground that they are inconsistent with Part III, notwithstanding any judgments, decree or order of any court or tribunal to the contrary.

Constitution of India (Full Text)

Prevention as well as amelioration of conflicts is necessary. Candidates for such office shall possess the qualifications required of candidates for Council membership, as set forth in Article XII, except as to residence.

The right to receive pension is property. Section 91 28 gives Parliament exclusive power over "penitentiaries" while section 92 6 gives the provinces power over the "prisons".

Constitution Act, 1867

Certain amendments pertaining to the constitution's federal nature must also be ratified by a majority of state legislatures. The supremacy of the Constitution- the hallmark of a federation- is an important feature of the Indian polity.

An amendment bill must be passed by each house of Parliament by a with a two-thirds majority of its total membership when at least two-thirds are present and vote. The Constitution of India is not an end but a means to an end, not mere democracy as a political project but a socio-juridical process which opens up through a humanist, radical social order, the opportunity to unfold the full personhood of every citizen.

Were ancient Indian polities democratic, democracy thus representing India’s enduring culture? And what was Jawahar Lal Nehru’s role in institutionalising democracy? "A pioneer maxiwebagadir.com is the most readable, and probably the most thorough, account of the framing of the Indian Constitution that has been published.

It gives due attention to leading personalities and to historical background as well 5/5(1). The Constitution of India is the Supreme Law of India.

The word Constitution has taken from the Latin ‘salus populi suprema lex’ which means is ‘welfare of the general population is the Supreme Law.

as it is generally said that the indian people believe on all the written proofs so the indian constitution explains each and every article and schedule deeply and with every nooks so the size of it get bigger and there can’t be only 20 or 30 articles as the u.s.a maxiwebagadir.com so the indian constitution is the largest written constitution in world.

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Indian constitution
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